Cittern Picture Gallery — Old Instruments

Last updated Thursday, June 21, 2012.

Below you will find a listing of historical (i.e. old) extant citterns and orpharions from museums and other collections. Clicking on the thumbnail image of the instrument will take you to a separate page of images for that instrument which may contain additional information.

For related content, see also A Provisional List of 16th and early 17th Century Builders of Citterns, Orpharions & Bandoras and Peter Forrester's Provisional List of Extant 16th and Early 17th Century Citterns.


16th & 17th Century Instruments

Citterns:

Instrument Maker Date / Country of Origin Current Location / Catalog # Other Remarks
A. Rossi 1530 or 1550?
Urbino, Italy
Current location unknown. In poor condition. Possesses some unusual fretting and fret labels. See page for more information.
Not yet determined (maker's label present, but unreadable) circa1600, possibly English National Music Museum (formerly the Shrine to Music Museum) at the Univeristy of South Dakota, Vermillion, USA. Small, chromatic. Cittern auctioned at Christie's, April 2, 2007. Photos courtesy of Christie's via Andy Rutherford. See page for more information.
anon. 16th/17th c.?, Dutch?   These parts were recovered by from a sunken ship and represent one of only a few surviving Dutch instruments. See page for additional photos as well as pictures of a reconstruction by builder Sebastián Núñez.
anon. 16th/17th c.?, Dutch? Brussels, KM 1524 Diatonic fretting. Photos courtesy of Peter Forrester.
anon. 16th c., France France, Collection of the Musée des Arts Décoratifs - FR-D.32026  
Giovanni Salvatori 16th c., Italy France, Collection of the Musée de la musique - E.543  
Francesco Plebanus 1536, Italy France, Collection of the Musée de la musique - E.1131  
Girolamo Virchi 16th c., Brescia France, Collection of the Musée du Louvre, département des objets d'art - D.MR.R.434  
Girolamo Virchi 1570, Brescia France, Collection of the Musée de la musique - E.1271  
Girolamo Virchi 1574, Brescia Kunsthistorisches Museum Cittern built for the Archduke Ferdinand of Tyrol. The cittern head is a beautiful sculpture meant to portray the death of Lucretia.
"Franciscus Citared. Urb." late 16th/early 17th c., Urbino? Current location unknown. This instrument was auctioned at Christie's of London, July 8, 1999.

Ceterones:

Instrument Maker Date / Country of Origin Current Location / Catalog # Other Remarks
Gieronimo Campi / Canpi Italian, 17th c.? Museo Bardini, Florence 12c. "ceterone". Chromatic fretting. Imitates traditional carved construction. String length 68 cm and 123 cm. Photos courtesy of Stephen Gottlieb.

 

Bandoras & Orpharions:

Instrument Maker Date / Country of Origin Current Location / Catalog # Other Remarks
John Rose 1580, England. Helmingham Hall, Suffolk, England.
No catalogue number.
6c. orpharion or bandora
Francis Palmer 1617, England.. Collection of Musikmuseet, Musikhistorisk Museum & Carl Claudius’ Samling, Copenhagen, Denmark
Inv. No. CL 139
9c. orpharion

18th & 19th Century Instruments

Instrument Maker Date / Country of Origin Current Location / Catalog # Other Remarks
[Mid-1600 cittern?] ? 18th C. Waldzither   Instrument was auctioned in March of 2000 on eBay. (Originally purported to be circa 1650, Swiss or German maker)
Michael Bochum 1726, Cologne France, Collection of the Musée du Louvre, département des objets d'art - D.OA.419  
Michael Bochum 1727, Cologne France, Collection of the Musée de la musique - E.1538  
['English Guitar' circa 1760.] ? c. 1760, England Current location unknown. "English Guitar" (circa 1760) auctioned at Christie's, July 8, 1999.
Johannes Bochum 1790, Cologne France, Collection of the Musée de la musique - E.542  

Sources:


How to cite this page: Hartig, Andrew. "Cittern Picture Gallery — Old Instruments" Renovata Cythara: The Renaissance Cittern Site. Ed. Andrew Hartig. 21 June 2012. 16 April 2014. <http://www.cittern.theaterofmusic.com/old/index.html>.

 


All site contents, unless otherwise stated, are copyright © Andrew M. Hartig, 1999-2012. All rights reserved.